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Teroldego Rotaliano Doc
It is defined as the “Prince” of the wines of the Trentino Region, because it originates from the grapevine of the same name. Teroldego is grown on the soil of the plain named “Piana Rotaliana”, in particular in the municipal districts of Mezzolombardo, Mezzocorona, Grumo and San Michele all'Adige, a marvelous area for an enogastronomical tour in Trentino.
Like Marzemino and Nosiola, Teraldego wine derives from one of the three autochthonous grapevines of this territory. The composition of the soil in which it grows, alluvial detritus carried by the River Noce, and the summer insolation are essential for its characteristics. It has a dry, sapid taste with body and good structure. It has an intense savour that is a good accompaniment for main dishes of meat, roast, game, meat on the grill and seasoned cheese, such as Vezzena or Puzzone, typical of this area.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe, while visiting Italy, called the Teroldego land “the best vineyard garden of Europe”.
The visit: Tradition and History
In front of the Mountain of Mezzocorona, on the side opposite the Piana Rotaliana, San Michele all'Adige is the seat of the “Museo degli Usi e Costumi della Gente Trentina” (Museum of Usages and Customs of the Peoples of the Trento Province), located in the ancient Agostinian Abbey.
It is, perhaps, the best collection in Italy of instruments and documents of the farming, forestry and pastoral culture of a territory.
Among the very rich etnographic collections, which fill the 41 rooms of the Museum, covering the entire aspect of the daily life of the valleys of the Trento Province – as it was until the middle of the 900s – the one dedicated to the oenological tradition has a very important role: wine presses and barrels take us back in time, and confirm the thousand-year old vocation for grapevine cultivation and wine making of this area.
Colour: ruby red, lively and brilliant; garnet after aging
Taste: dry, sapid, well bodied and structured
Flavour: intense, fruity taste of raspberry and blueberry
Serving temperature: 16 – 18 °C if young, 18 – 20 °C if aged
Gastronomic pairing: any kind of meat, including game, and tasty cheese.
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In the territories of Vallagarina, near Rovereto and particularly in the Isera and Ziresi zones, the Marzemino Doc of the Trento area has found its perfect ambient. This grapevine comes from far away, most probably from Asia; it reached the Trento area from the Dalmatian Coast or from Venice, when this town ruled the maritime commerce. Today it is the reference wine for Trento territory, and it is defined “gentile” (gentle), for its characteristics. Its colour is ruby red, dark with purple tones, it has an aroma of wild fruit with floral shades of violets, mixed with spicy and vaguely balsamic notes. It pairs very well with white and red meats and it is perfect with a deeply loved dish, polenta and mushrooms and with very aged cheese.
Don Giovanni's wine
In one of his most famous operas, Mozart mentions this wine from Trento, and he remembers it with a famous line: “Versa il vino, l'eccellente Marzemino!” (“Pour the wine, the excellent Marzemino”.)
Marzemino and its castles
Adjoining the vineyards, the Vallagarina boasts of the presence of ancient castles, which were built in the course of the centuries along the banks of the River Adige, in order to defend its territories and its oenological treasures against the raids of many armies, which for a long period of time ran up and down the valley. How not to remember the sumptuous Castel Beseno, a real fortified citadel, which stands guard over the entire valley. But also Castel Pietra (Stone Castle), the Rovereto Castle and Nomi Castle. And again Castel Noarna, with its splendid frescoes, and the noble ruins of Castel Corno, typical example of alpine fortress.
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The Nosiola grapevine is typical of this region; the Trentino Doc Nosiola and the passito (raisin wine) Trentino Doc Vino Santo derive from Nosiola. This grapevine has its home territory in the Lake Valley and Lake Toblino. Here Nosiola is made into wine as dry white wine, and also as “Vino Santo” (holy wine).
In the farm cellars near Castel Toblino it is the custom to celebrate Easter, The Glory of the Resurrection of Christ, by wetting the eyes with a drop of this white wine from the last harvest, which is ready in the days of Holy Week.
According to the most common hypothesis, the name derives from “nosiol”, dialect expression meaning “nocciola” (hazel nut), the colour of which is reminiscent of mature grapes. According to others, the origin could be “ocioleta” or “ociola” (dialect for little eye), because they see the shape of an eye in the Nosiola grape.
The color of the wine is straw yellow with green reflexes. It distinguishes itself with its delicate scent, a hint of white flowers and unripe fruit. It has a dry taste , pleasantly fresh, fruity and harmonic with a light aftertaste of almond. It is an optimum aperitif, pleasant with lake fish such as breaded perch and steamed trout, unsmoked cold cuts, breaded zucchini flower and zucchini. It is served at 10°-12° temperature.
From Nosiola to Vino Santo
The Vino Santo derives from the Nosiola sparse grapes (grapes which are big and far apart one from the other, sufficiently ripe to give a high sugar content). It has always been considered a therapeutic wine in the popular tradition, and it pairs well with almond desserts and the typical zelten. Best also with cheese with herbs.
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Trento DOC sparkling wine, classic method
It is a mountain sparkling wine, representing the land from which it comes. The vineyards, mainly Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, are cultivated higher altitudes and the great changes in temperature, the climate and the nature of the soil contribute to create the particular conditions for which these grapes form the ideal base for sparkling wine.
The history of the Trento classic method speaks of a man and his great intuition. In 1902 Giulio Ferrari, a young technician in a local cellar, decides to import the French tradition of the classic method to the Trento province, where the latitude is inferior, but the vineyards are located at a higher altitude. Ferrari's dream is to put in the bottle, traces of the alpine civilization, the sentiments of the forests and of the Dolomite peaks. A bet which began with the first Chardonnay vines planted in the Adige Valley, and continues today with the Trento DOC Institute and the collective brand that includes 37 companies and about 90 labels.
There are two types of Trento DOC, White – Millesimato and Reserve – and Rosé. A crystalline color in its golden reflexes, a dense and persistent perlage, with a compact, creamy foam.
Round in structure, dry and full on impact, it releases various fruity fragrances, with tones of freshly baked bread, yeast, vanilla, but also with notes of exotic fruit, aromas that extend from the freshness of traces of golden apple and white chocolate to the mild tone of jasmine. It is served cool, never icy cold, in large wine glasses, at a temperature of between 8 and 12 degrees, after having cooled it in a bucket of ice cubes.
It accompanies the entire meal, from the hors d'oeuvres to the dessert (only the demi-sec version in this latter case), combining well with fish (mixed fried fish, crustaceans, boiled fish, sauces, roast fish roasted with wine and seasoning), with white meats, but also with rice, with pasta and with various dressings – an unusual but tasty “marriage” - as well as with cold cuts. It is a classic with granular aged cheese, and with small, salty tarts.
Pairings advised for the rosè wine are fish soup, prosciutto, fish dishes, grilled beef filet and roast poultry.
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Although it is not an autochthonous vine of Trentino, the Trentino D.O.C. Muller Thurgau has found in the territory of this region an adopted country. And above all, in the Cembra Valley where its particular characteristics are more evident: the fragrance and freshness. It was through experimentation performed by Professor Hermann Muller that at the end of the 1800's in Geisenheim they began to speak of Muller Thurgau, a vineyard initiated with the hybridization of Rhine Riesling with Madaleine Royal. It is cultivated in all the areas of Trentino dedicated to the cultivation of grapevines, but particularly in the Cembra Valley. The wine obtained, using the Muller Thurgau grapes, is a white wine of a straw-yellow color with reflexes tending towards green .It presents a very evident aromatic component, with traces of sage and green apple, and a dry, light and pleasantly tangy taste.
Color: crystalline, yellow with emissions of greenish reflexes. Shines with simplicity and secure personality.
Fragrance: colors and aromas intertwine in a clear aromatic fragrance; scents that leave a sign which is gentle and, at the same time, sharp, clean, recalling the flowers of its vine; slightly spicy with definite tones of sage and jasmine, but also white peach and sour apple.
Pairings: perfect as an aperitif, well matched to the typical dishes of mountain gastronomy or to first courses based on shell fish and grilled fish. It is served at a temperature of 10° - 12° C.
Ready for drinking, it is a white wine ideal as an aperitif, adapted both to typical mountain dishes, such as vegetable gnocchi and lake trout, and to those of the sea, such as fried fish, shell fish and grilled crustaceans.